Chancay Bi-Chrome Pottery Effigy Jar , Ca 1000 to 1470 CE, #1103
Outstanding Pre Colombian,
Chancay Bi-Chrome Pottery Effigy Jar #1103, Ca 1000 to 1470 CE
Description: #1103, Outstanding Pre Colombian, Chancay Bi-Chrome Pottery Effigy Jar, Ca 1000 to 1470 CE. A hollow, well-modeled, mold-made vessel in the form of a seated female with a monkey sitting on her left shoulder and eating a snack, as the woman holds the shoulder strap (or tumpline) of the bag that wraps around her headdress. The neck of the jar is modeled in the likeness of her human face with wide open eyes, lashes or perhaps streaming tear marks below the lower lids, a projecting pointy nose, cup-shaped ears, and slightly parted lips. The upper section of the vessel neck forms a grand cylindrical headdress with a loop handle on the back side and a textile bag (perhaps a coca bag) wrapped around. Otherwise she is nude save the wide belt with schematized avian motifs around her waist, the large white appendages upon her shoulders/breasts, and her elaborately tattooed right arm. Details of the face, headdress, belt, and monkey are painted in rich, chocolate brown slip. A wonderful example from this ancient Andean culture.
Dimensions: 6.375" W x 10" H (16.2 cm x 25.4 cm)
Provenance: Ex- Collection of the late Peter Arnovick, San Francisco, CA
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Condition: Tiny, near invisible nicks to rim and minor surface wear. Overall excellent.
"History: Not much is known about the Chancay civilization which developed in the later part of the Inca empire. This culture emerged after the fall of the Wari civilization. Parts of the southern Chancay area were conquered by the Chimú in the early fifteenth century and in about 1450 A.D. the Incas were occupying both areas. It is believed that the Chancay had a centralized political structure, forming a small regional state. Thus the Chancay culture declined in the fifteenth century to make way for the territorial expansion of the Inca Empire.