Native American, Santa Clara, Red Water Jar With Bear Paw, by Jason Ebelacker (1980-), 1151 Jason Sold on his end.

$ 4,800.00

Native American,

Description: #1151 Santa Clara, Red Water Jar With Bear Paw, by Jason Ebelacker (1980-),

Dimensions: 12" x 11.5"

Condition: New, excellent

Background on Jason Ebelacker:

Jason learned how to make pottery from his father (Richard Ebelacker) an award winning potter, Jason has followed his father's footsteps. Winning two first awards In the youth division at the Santa Fe Indian market before he turned eighteen . He takes a lot of his designs and shapes from the Tafoya family pottery . He believes in the traditional forms and methods of making and firing pottery . Five years ago (2012) he decided to become a full time potter . Since then he has won top awards at the Autry museum show in California, the Heard museum show in Arizona, and at the Santa Fe Indian market.

Background on Santa Clara Pueblo:

Santa Clara Pueblo (in Tewa: Kha'po Owingeh) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 980 at the 2000 census, although, approximately 3,800 reside on the reservation. Santa Clara Pueblo was established about 1550.

The pueblo is a member of the Eight Northern Pueblos, and the people are from the Tewa ethnic group of Native Americans who speak the Tewa language. The pueblo is on the Rio Grande, between Ohkay Owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo) to the north and San Ildefonso Pueblo to the south. Santa Clara Pueblo is famous for producing hand-crafted pottery, specifically blackware and redware with deep engravings. The pueblo is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography :Santa Clara Pueblo is located at 35°58′16″N 106°5′21″W (35.971124, -106.089111),[2] about 1.5 miles south of Española on NM 30. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km²), all of it land.

History: Santa Clara Pueblos. Pueblo peoples lived in the area for millennia before they met Juan de Oñate and his exploration party on July 11, 1598.[3] Pueblo archaeology shows that Ancient Pueblo Peoples lived in the general region as far back as 1200 BC.

First visited in 1541, a segment of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado's expeditionary force met with the residents of the nearby Caypa pueblo. After annexation of the region into the Spanish Kingdom, and as part of the 1601 expansion of Oñate's colonial capital,[4] a chapel was built there by 1617. Fray Alonso de Benavides established a mission in 1628.[5]

History shows that the mission was abandoned on the lead up to the revolt. The pueblo would join forces with others and would fight against the Spanish royal government in 1680 in the Great Pueblo Revolt. The original and unoccupied chapel was destroyed. Two other chapel buildings would be constructed there. The current church replaced the former in 1918. In 1782, a small pox outbreak decimated the population. The eighth section of the Act of July 22, 1854 mandated a census of the newly acquired possessions of the US government. In review of the land's title, the pueblo presented a Spanish Royal decree dated October 15, 1713 that the title to land and various pueblos could be expected. Though lost, the decree on the title papers, if ever they existed, assured protection of the pueblos' right to protection of their homelands from encroachment. The result of the title research led the pueblo community to be of the first recognized by Congress.

Arts: Pueblo potters are known for their black polished and red poly chrome pottery.[6][7]

Demographics: As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 980 people, 349 households, and 254 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 471.6 people per square mile (181.9/km²). There were 400 housing units at an average density of 192.5 per square mile (74.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 6.53% White, 85.61% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 6.12% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.45% of the population.

There were 349 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 22.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $20,302, and the median income for a family was $22,049. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,311. About 30.5% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 37.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable tribal members and residents:

Santa Clara Pueblo artist Jason Garcia and daughter
Double-handled Santa Clara bowl with Awanyu design, by Florence Browning, 1996
Gregory Cajete, author and educator
Tammy Garcia, ceramic artist and sculptor
Luther Gutierrez, potter
Margaret Gutierrez, potter
Joseph Lonewolf, potter
Linda and Merton Sisneros, potters
Anita Louise Suazo, traditional potter
Roxanne Swentzell, contemporary ceramicist and bronze sculptor, Native plant activist
Margaret Tafoya, celebrated Santa Clara traditional potter
Pablita Velarde, celebrated Santa Clara painter
Nathan Youngblood, traditional potter
Nora Naranjo-Morse, contemporary artist and filmmaker
Jeff Roller, traditional pottery artist and bronze sculptor
Nancy Youngblood, distinguished Santa Clara Potter
Paul Speckled Rock, award-winning potter and bronze sculptor, gallery owner

1. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
5. National Park Service, Santa Clara Pueblo accessed 2010-05-26
6. Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, Santa Clara Pueblo accessed 2010-05-26
7. American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links:

Indian Pueblo Cultural Center - Santa Clara Pueblo
Santa Clara Pueblo Community Library
Santa Clara Pueblo at National Park Service
Santa Clara Pueblo pottery gallery
Children of the Clay: A Family of Pueblo Potters, the Swentzell family of Santa Clara Pueblo
(Source: Wikipedia)

Background on Pueblo Pottery Making:

“Pueblo pottery is made using a coiled technique that came into northern Arizona and New Mexico from the south, some 1500 years ago. In the four-corners region of the US, nineteen pueblos and villages have historically produced pottery. Although each of these pueblos use similar traditional methods of coiling, shaping, finishing and firing, the pottery from each is distinctive.

Various clay's gathered from each pueblo’s local sources produce pottery colors that range from buff to earthy yellows, oranges, and reds, as well as black. Fired pots are sometimes left plain and other times decorated—most frequently with paint and occasionally with applique. Painted designs vary from pueblo to pueblo, yet share an ancient iconography based on abstract representations of clouds, rain, feathers, birds, plants, animals and other natural world features.

Tempering materials and paints, also from natural sources, contribute further to the distinctiveness of each pueblo’s pottery. Some paints are derived from plants, others from minerals. Before firing, potters in some pueblos apply a light colored slip to their pottery, which creates a bright background for painted designs or simply a lighter color plain ware vessel. Designs are painted on before firing, traditionally with a brush fashioned from yucca fiber.

Different combinations of paint color, clay color, and slips are characteristic of different pueblos. Among them are black on cream, black on buff, black on red, dark brown and dark red on white (as found in Zuni pottery), matte red on red, and poly chrome—a number of natural colors on one vessel (most typically associated with Hopi). Pueblo potters also produce un decorated polished black ware, black on black ware, and carved red and carved black wares.

Making pueblo pottery is a time-consuming effort that includes gathering and preparing the clay, building and shaping the coiled pot, gathering plants to make the colored dyes, constructing yucca brushes, and, often, making a clay slip. While some Pueblo artists fire in kilns, most still fire in the traditional way in an outside fire pit, covering their vessels with large potsherds and dried sheep dung. Pottery is left to bake for many hours, producing a high-fired result.

Today, Pueblo potters continue to honor this centuries-old tradition of hand-coiled pottery production, yet value the need for contemporary artistic expression as well. They continue to improve their style, methods and designs, often combining traditional and contemporary techniques to create striking new works of art.” (Source: Museum of Northern Arizona)

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