Native American Pottery : Great Zia Polychrome Pottery "Bird Jar" by Kathy Pino #264
Native American Pottery
264. Description: Zia Poly chrome Pottery "Bird Jar" by Kathy Pino, Talented Sister of Seferina Bell, Signed. c. 1970. Dimensions: 6 in. tall x 8 & 1/2 in. diameter. : Condition: Scratches on surface, other than this in very good condition for its age.
Katherine Pino, Zia Pueblo, Coyote Clan, active ca. 1950's - present; traditional poly chrome ollas, jars, and bowls. Katherine Pino is the daughter of Ascenion Galvan Pino and Joe Pino; sister of Seferina Bell, Laura Pino, Tomasita Pino and Filamino Pino.
Veronica Pino Baca recalled when Katherine Pino used to encourage her, "Come on! We're going to make some potteries." Veronica said Katherine learned from her mother, Ascenion Galvan Pino, whose pottery is in the collection of the Philbrook Museum in Tulsa, OK. Reference: Southern Pueblo Pottery: 2,000 Artist Biographies by Gregory Schaaf.
A History of Pueblo Pottery:
Pueblo pottery is made using a coiled technique that came into northern Arizona and New Mexico from the south, some 1500 years ago. In the four-corners region of the US, nineteen pueblos and villages have historically produced pottery. Although each of these pueblos use similar traditional methods of coiling, shaping, finishing and firing, the pottery from each is distinctive. Various clay's gathered from each pueblo's local sources produce pottery colors that range from buff to earthy yellows, oranges, and reds, as well as black. Fired pots are sometimes left plain and other times decorated most frequently with paint and occasionally with applique. Painted designs vary from pueblo to pueblo, yet share an ancient iconography based on abstract representations of clouds, rain, feathers, birds, plants, animals and other natural world features.
Tempering materials and paints, also from natural sources, contribute further to the distinctiveness of each pueblo's pottery. Some paints are derived from plants, others from minerals. Before firing, potters in some pueblos apply a light colored slip to their pottery, which creates a bright background for painted designs or simply a lighter color plain ware vessel. Designs are painted on before firing, traditionally with a brush fashioned from yucca fiber.
Different combinations of paint color, clay color, and slips are characteristic of different pueblos. Among them are black on cream, black on buff, black on red, dark brown and dark red on white (as found in Zuni pottery), matte red on red, and poly chrome a number of natural colors on one vessel (most typically associated with Hopi). Pueblo potters also produce un-decorated polished black ware, black on black ware, and carved red and carved black wares.
Making pueblo pottery is a time-consuming effort that includes gathering and preparing the clay, building and shaping the coiled pot, gathering plants to make the colored dyes, constructing yucca brushes, and, often, making a clay slip. While some Pueblo artists fire in kilns, most still fire in the traditional way in an outside fire pit, covering their vessels with large potsherds and dried sheep dung. Pottery is left to bake for many hours, producing a high-fired result.
Today, Pueblo potters continue to honor this centuries-old tradition of hand-coiled pottery production, yet value the need for contemporary artistic expression as well. They continue to improve their style, methods and designs, often combining traditional and contemporary techniques to create striking new works of art. (Source: Museum of Northern Arizona)
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