Native American, Vintage Santa Clara Blackware Pottery Bowl, by Stella Chavarria, 1970's, #1319 SOLD

$ 900.00

Native American, Vintage Santa Clara Blackware Pottery Bowl, by Stella Chavarria, 1970's, #1319

Description: #1319 Native American, Vintage Santa Clara Blackware Pottery Bowl, by Stella Chavarria, 1970's, Carved geometric design, signed underneath.

Dimensions: Height: 5 inches; Diameter: 6 1/2 inches

Condition: Very good for age

Stella Chavarria-(1939-1999) :Stella Chavarria is the daughter of famed Santa Clara potter Teresita Naranjo, who passed away in 1999. Chavarria’s pottery is very much influenced by that of her mother, with the exception that she makes only black ware and works on a somewhat smaller scale than did Teresita Naranjo. Hand coiled and sharply incised pots reflect Chavarria's years of dedication and experience which began in 1955. She creates both black-black and carved red ware. Her favorite design is Avanyu. Chavarria's work is in every major book published; it has been exhibited in dozens of exhibitions going back to the 1970s and is featured in all the major collections, including the Heard Museum. Of course, she has also won numerous awards for her work at the Santa Fe Indian Market. One could say that Stella makes quintessential Santa Clara pottery and receive little or no argument. Stella has two potting daughters who share in her style: Denise Chavarria and Sunday Chavarria. (Source: Dancing Rabbit Gallery)

Some background on Pueblo pottery making follows:

“Pueblo pottery is made using a coiled technique that came into northern Arizona and New Mexico from the south, some 1500 years ago. In the four-corners region of the US, nineteen pueblos and villages have historically produced pottery. Although each of these pueblos use similar traditional methods of coiling, shaping, finishing and firing, the pottery from each is distinctive. 

Various clay's gathered from each pueblo’s local sources produce pottery colors that range from buff to earthy yellows, oranges, and reds, as well as black. Fired pots are sometimes left plain and other times decorated—most frequently with paint and occasionally with applique. Painted designs vary from pueblo to pueblo, yet share an ancient iconography based on abstract representations of clouds, rain, feathers, birds, plants, animals and other natural world features.

Tempering materials and paints, also from natural sources, contribute further to the distinctiveness of each pueblo’s pottery. Some paints are derived from plants, others from minerals. Before firing, potters in some pueblos apply a light colored slip to their pottery, which creates a bright background for painted designs or simply a lighter color plain ware vessel. Designs are painted on before firing, traditionally with a brush fashioned from yucca fiber. 

Different combinations of paint color, clay color, and slips are characteristic of different pueblos. Among them are black on cream, black on buff, black on red, dark brown and dark red on white (as found in Zuni pottery), matte red on red, and poly-chrome—a number of natural colors on one vessel (most typically associated with Hopi). Pueblo potters also produce un-decorated polished black ware, black on black ware, and carved red and carved black wares.

Making pueblo pottery is a time-consuming effort that includes gathering and preparing the clay, building and shaping the coiled pot, gathering plants to make the colored dyes, constructing yucca brushes, and, often, making a clay slip. While some Pueblo artists fire in kilns, most still fire in the traditional way in an outside fire pit, covering their vessels with large potsherds and dried sheep dung. Pottery is left to bake for many hours, producing a high-fired result.

Today, Pueblo potters continue to honor this centuries-old tradition of hand-coiled pottery production, yet value the need for contemporary artistic expression as well. They continue to improve their style, methods and designs, often combining traditional and contemporary techniques to create striking new works of art.” (Source: Museum of Northern Arizona)

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